Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu (BJJ) is considered one of the most exclusive and effective self-defense systems. BJJ is a form of martial art and differs from other martial arts, with an emphasis on fighting on the floor rather than standing. You can also read the full info here about Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu.
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Once on the ground, the goal is to control your opponent's body movements by directing you to a superior and dominant position. The idea is to control the fight through a number of techniques such as sparring, grappling, and rolling to gain a greater physical advantage over your opponent so they have no choice but to surrender.
BJJ's basic philosophy and ideology is that anyone who confronts the main attacker must have the necessary skills to defend himself.
BJJ appeared in the early 1900s. He comes from the Japanese Jiu-Jitsu (JJJ) martial arts family. JJJ is known and practiced as a Japanese street style, a type of martial art. In Brazil, the head of the Japanese immigration colony, Isai Maeda, was appointed. Isai Maeda, a master craftsman, and former JJJ champion teaches and shares his skills with local people adapting martial arts. That's how traditional and authentic BJJ was created.
Given BJJ's philosophy, it's easy to see why it's popular not only with men but also with women and children. This is a truly great martial art that anyone can follow. Because no matter how big or strong you are, there will always be someone bigger and stronger than you. Once mastered, this skill will accompany you for life.